The statue of Mayor De Peyster was in Bowling Green for about a century, in the location where King George once stood. Then it was moved to Hannover Square in 1976 and then moved into storage to make an English Garden at Hannover Square in 2004. This is the photo of when the statue was removed from Hannover Square to be "temporarily" placed in storage. But there is no date or location as to when the statue will be returning to public viewing.
Mayor Abraham De Peyster was a dutch man born in New Amsterdam, educated in Holland and was one the Mayors of New York City. He shows the continuity of the Dutch people into New York City's life and should be let out of the closet!
Please write to Adrian Benepe, Commissioner
Department of Parks & Recreation,
830 Fifth Avenue,
New York, NY 10065
email him by clicking here:
and ask him to bring the statue back to the public.
Our goal is to have a meeting with the Commissioner set up with leaders of several Dutch/American organizations. If you or your group is interested in having one of the most obvious historical links in NYC back into the public view, please send the Commissioner a personal letter and email me if your group wants to join in our OPEN LETTER.
CLICK HERE TO EMAIL RICK LANDMAN TO GET INVOLVED.
OPEN LETTER TO PARKS COMMISSIONER ADRIAN BENEPE
This letter is a request for information as to where and when the statute of Mayor Abraham DePeyster will return to public viewing.
Abraham DePeyster was the first Mayor of New York City to be born in New Amsterdam and educated in Holland. He is a vital link to understanding the transfers of power between the Dutch and English during our pre-Revolutionary War period.
As you know his statue originally was placed in Bowling Green where the statue of King George stood until 1776. The statue was then moved to Hannover Square when Bowling Green acquired the fountain in its center. The statue was then removed from Hannover Square for the British Memorial Garden and was placed in storage. At the time, Community Board #1 was told that the statue would be brought back out into the public viewing, possibly located in City Hall Park.
That is why we are still wondering when and where this statue will be relocated back into the public.
Rick Landman (former member of Community Board #1- for identification purposes only).
NEW YORK TIMES - CITY ROOM
September 5, 2011, 1:20 pm
Like Former Mayors, a Statue Fades From View
By SAM ROBERTS
Ruby Washington/The New York TimesThe statue of Abraham De Peyster in Hanover Square, in downtown Manhattan, before it was removed.He donated a plot from his backyard garden for New York’s original City Hall, where George Washington would be inaugurated as president. He presided as mayor over a government that assumed responsibility for paupers and banned slaughterhouses within the city limits. He even covered municipal deficits out of his own pocket.
Nonetheless, the crated, larger-than-life bronze likeness of Abraham De Peyster remains in a parks department warehouse on Randalls Island — arguably, another unsung casualty of Sept. 11. The statue was removed from Hanover Square in the financial district seven years ago to make room for a memorial to British victims of the attack.
De Peyster’s fate is an object lesson in the fleeting fame of former mayors. At best, they survive as the namesake for an airport or expressway (De Peyster Street in downtown Manhattan was swallowed up in the 1960s by new skyscrapers). At worst, they are forgotten, with no visible legacy.
As far as enduring monuments are concerned, De Peyster personifies the limitations of statues.
Born in New Amsterdam, he served as mayor in the early 1690s and in 1701 as acting governor. He was a wealthy merchant and philanthropist who subsidized bereft schools, personally advanced the debt-plagued municipality money, and donated what became known as the local Liberty Bell to Middle Collegiate Church on the Lower East Side. The bell was rung in 1735 to announce John Peter Zenger’s acquittal on seditious-libel charges in a landmark press freedom case, and in 1776 to celebrate the nation’s independence. It still tolls to mark the anniversaries of Sept. 11.
In 1893, a great-great-great-grandson of De Peyster, Maj. Gen. John Watts De Peyster, commissioned an imposing statue from the sculptor George Edwin Bissell to commemorate his ancestor’s public service.
This was not the first memorial the younger De Peyster sponsored. Another proved controversial. In 1887, he honored Benedict Arnold, who, before turning traitor, was heroically wounded in 1777 in the Revolutionary War. De Peyster commissioned a memorial featuring Arnold’s injured foot, but omitted Arnold’s name from the plaque, at the Saratoga battlefield.
The heroic, 7-foot-tall seated effigy of Mayor De Peyster was originally destined for Battery Park until The New York Times complained that the Battery was already overrun with statuary.
John Watts De Peyster grew so tired of arguing with city officials that he offered the statue instead to Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pa., where he had been honored as an amateur historian. After his dispute with the city was resolved and the statue placed in Bowling Green, a fraternal twin was cast and installed in front of the college’s library.
When the Romanesque library was razed in the 1930s, the statue was moved to the edge of the campus, where, despite promises to return De Peyster to greater prominence, it remains.
At one point, the Bowling Green version faced uptown, but, to present the statue in a better light, it was rotated during a 1938 face-lift.
De Peyster was displaced in 1973 when Bowling Green was renovated again to accommodate subway improvements. The statue was exiled to Randalls Island for four years — a delay exacerbated by the city’s fiscal crisis — until it was installed on a massive pedestal in Hanover Square (named for the British royal family that included George III, whose own statue in Bowling Green was toppled and mostly melted down for bullets by American patriots).
De Peyster was evicted again after plans were announced in 2003 to transform Hanover Square into a memorial to shared British and American sacrifice for common ideals.
“It’s a very sorry commentary on our municipal sense of history, now that poor Mayor De Peyster’s wonderful statue was again relegated to exile in the parks department warehouse on Randalls Island, with no prospect evident of his well-earned resettlement to Manhattan,” said Richard M. Warshauer, a real estate executive who leads a Lower Manhattan walking tour each October titled “The Great Crashes of Wall Street.”
The statue was scheduled to be installed in City Hall Park, but Vickie Karp, a parks spokeswoman, said the department was also exploring other options, like James Bogardus Triangle at the intersection of West Broadway and Hudson and Reade Streets.
When the former mayor’s comeback will finally occur is anybody’s guess.
“No anticipated date yet,” Ms. Karp said.
For more information Click Here-- About the Warehousing of the New Amsterdam born Mayor of New York City.
Click here for more information about Mayor Abraham De Peyster
This year's "5 DUTCH DAYS" was held on Saturday November 17-21 2010.
5 Dutch Days Website for other events
St. Nicholas Society
5 Dutch Days Website (The week of November 12-16, 2009) for other events
New York 400- 400th Anniversary of Henry Hudson voyage
The Holland Society of New York
Rick Landman, a Native New Yorker, living for 30 years below Chamber Street, and who has the quintessential essence of the New Amsterdam way of life gives tour of New Amsterdam. He is even the gay son of two refugees, whose father was a furrier!
On the professional side he is an attorney, professor and certified AICP planner for over 30 years, as well as a NYC licensed Sightseeing Tour Guide. But on the personal side, he is a community activist and civil rights attorney in the spirit of Adriaen van der Donck with the same orientation as Harmen van den Bogaert, and currently is a dual German-American citizen. This crazy mixture would have fit in quite well with the early inhabitants of New Amsterdam and I don't own a car, but ride a bicycle all over Lower Manhattan.
TENTATIVE ITINERARY OF THE 2009 TOUR
If it is not raining, we will meet at the base of Asia in front of the former U.S. Customs House on Bowling Green. (Current site of the Museum of the American Indian and former site of Fort Amsterdam.)
If there is a slight drizzle, we can meet here on the stairs and I will conduct a quick lecture and see if the weather changes. Heavy rain will cancel the tour.
Look up at the top of the former U.S. Customs House and you can see a Dutchman, Maarten Harpertszoon Tromp (b. 1598 Holland – d. At Sea 1653), a famous Dutch admiral. At age 9, he became a sailor and at he joined the Dutch navy as a lieutenant in 1621. He became known in 1628 when as Piet Hein's flag captain, he helped capture the Spanish treasure fleet. In 1639, he blockaded and crushed a Spanish fleet in the Downs of the English Channel. This victory ended Spanish sea power. In June, 1652, he refused to lower his flag in deference to the English Admiral Robert Blake, and started the first of the Dutch Wars. That same year, he won control of the English Channel when he beat the English off Dungeness, but he was forced to withdraw. His inferior fleet lost 20 ships in a battle near Gabbard Shoal in 1653.
He then joined with his rival Witte de Witt and attacked the English off Scheveningenin in August of 1653. They were defeated and Tromp was killed in the battle by a sharpshooter. It was the last major conflict of the war. Tromp's death hurt the Dutch navy and hurt the Orange cause, which had sought to defeat England and restore the Stuart monarchy. One of his sons, Cornelis Tromp, became a Rear Admiral in the Dutch navy.
The sculpture is by Louis Saint-Gaudens.
Flagpole honoring the 350th anniversary of New Amsterdam in Battery Park.
Be careful where you step... We will see the sidewalk with the engraving over the ticker tape parade for Queen Juliana of the Netherlands' visit to NYC in 1952.
Wording on the base of the flagpole about the "purchase" of Manhattan Island.
Also on the base of the flagpole, commemorating the real property transaction of the Native Americans and Peter Minuit. We will discuss whether an actual contract or deed was ever contemplated and if a "meeting of the minds" actually occurred. Was the Native American advised by counsel as to what the Dutch man saying? What if the Native American thought that he was getting a gift of trinkets in order to welcome a new tribe into his community or to become a trading partner, etc.?
The current Street Names still reflect the activities of New Amsterdam. Stone Street (where the brewery was built and the street was paved with cobble stones) was made of stone, and Bridge Street passed over a creek, Bowling Green was the public area, Beaver was one of the major economic products, Pearl Street was the waterfront at the time and was where people went pearling. Words like cookies or boss, places like Brooklyn, Bronx, Yonkers, Gansevoort, Harlem, Utrecht, Staten Island, and characters like Santa Claus all have Dutch roots, let alone family names like Vanderbilt, Roosevelt, Van Buren, etc.
This is a map located in Battery Park which shows the original boundaries of New Amsterdam. Pearl Street was the southern boundary and Greenwich Street up to Wall Street made up the rest of the boundaries.
The following three murals are located in the NYS Supreme Court at 60 Centre Street on the 4th floor Jury Room by Robert K. Ryland during the WPA. This mural represents the pre-European view of the island.
This mural represents the "City Hall" of New Amsterdam.
This is another representation of the same building. You will be able to see the dimensions of the footprint of this building at the Goldman Sachs plaza near Stone Street.
This mural represents a map of the early New Amsterdam colony street patterns.
When the Goldman Sachs Building was excavated they discovered the foundations and cisterns from the early era of New York City. But Lovelace Tavern was built in 1670, which would be after New Amsterdam, but was there during the Dutch period of New Orange.
Anything that looks Dutch is not from New Amsterdam, but constructed years or centuries later to be reminiscent of the Dutch presence. Peter Minuit never took the subway.
This nearly ten-foot-tall granite stele at the northwest corner of Battery Park by the Castle Clinton National Monument was designed by noted architect Henry Bacon. The monument and its gilded inscription commemorates the Walloon Settlers, a group of 32 Belgian Huguenot families who joined the Dutch in 1624 on the ship Nieu Nederland (“New Netherland”) to colonize New Amsterdam. Bacon also designed Washington's Lincoln Memorial and Williamsburg's Metropolitan Pool.
The Walloons were natives of the County of Hainaut in Belgium who had fled to nearby Holland to escape religious persecution. Made to feel unwelcome in Holland, the Walloons, led by Jesse de Forest, first appealed to the British in 1621 for permission to settle in Virginia. When was denied, they petitioned the Dutch West India Company to allow them to settle in the Dutch-controlled colony of New Amsterdam. Their application was granted and the Walloons left Holland in March 1624, landing in New York on May 20, 1624. One should also know that other groups fled to Holland before coming to the New World, such as the Pilgrims.
We will discuss the Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews that came to New Amsterdam in the summer 1654 and how differently they were treated. While Peter Stuyvesant would not grant the Jews the right to build a synagogue, they met in a building on Mill Street (South William Street) until the first synagogue was built under the English rule in 1730 in the location of this present day garage. For more information about the early Jewish history from 1654 on, click here
In 1657 a group of Dutch settlers fought to permit Quakers to reside in New Netherlands. For more information about the Flushing Remonstrance, click here.>
The date was changed on the official seal and flag of the City of New York. It used to be 1664 and now it is 1625 to reflect New Amsterdam as its European origins.
You can see the dutch influence in our official city flag. Notice the 1625 date.
Notice the 1626 Date on the Municipal Building.
When elevators and steel allowed 120 Broadway to rise so tall that it blocked the sunlight on the sidewalks of the narrow streets in Lower Manhattan, NYC created Zoning Laws (set backs, sky exposure plane, etc.) in 1916 which then spread across the country.
This is part of a NYC tax map showing how the deep and narrow 25 foot lots still remain since the Dutch used this concept on the canals in Amsterdam.
Weather permitting, the tour will wind its way up to Pine Street (one block north of the northern boundary of New Amsterdam at Wall Street), and over to Broadway. Topics discussed on the walk will include the origins of America's Zoning laws such as the need for set backs, narrow and winding street patterns, taxation laws based on narrow 25 foot lots, as well as America's basis for religious freedom and where the Jews and African-Americans are buried. This tour ends at Trinity Church, but I will walk up to the World Trade Center after the tour and continue my talk if anyone so desires.
Image of Saint Nicholas
Originally called “Saint Nicholas” by the Dutch, the pronunciation sounded more like “Sint Nikolass”. The name was reshaped for non-Dutch tongues, and evolved into “Sinterklass”, and finally into “Santa Claus”.
Did you ever wonder how the U.S. Congress created Christmas as a secular national holiday in 1870 and how Santa Claus came into being the American symbol of Christmas?
|We will discuss the life of Harmen van den Bogaert, a doctor and married man with 4 children, who helped the colony by negotiating with the Native Indians, but who was caught with his male African servant Tobias in an intimate situation and was arrested and died for that act. Homophobia was alive and well in the New World too. We will also discuss some heroes of the New World that are left out of our English centric text books such as Adriaen van der Donck a real hero for our civil rights.
In addition to discussing how the inhabitants of New Amsterdam (Dutch, English, French, Jews, Quakers, Finns, Germans, Africans, Native Americans, etc.) convinced their Governor Peter Stuyvesant to surrender to the English rather than have their city destroyed, we will also discuss how in August 1673, the English Governor and the inhabitants of New York City, saw Dutch war ships enter New York Harbor and stood by and watched the English flag come down as the city was returned to Dutch rule and called New Orange for a year, until it once again became English, years before the American Revolution.
ABOUT THE TOUR GUIDE
- Rick Landman, Esq., a Native New Yorker, has been an AICP Certified Planner for over 30 years, and an Attorney since 1988.
- He is an adjunct Professor of Planning at NYU's Wagner School and teaches a Land Use law class since 2003. His class is a required core class for the Urban Planning Masters students.
- Rick has 3 Masters Degrees (M.C.R.P. in City and Regional Planning, Ed.M. in Curriculum Development, M.S. in Civil (Socio) Engineering) and a J.D. in law (cum laude). He was admitted to the New York Bar in 1988.
- He was the Executive Director of Real Estate Development for the City of New York for 5 years and was the Director of Real Estate Development at NYU for 19 years.
- One of Professor Landman's Masters Degrees was an Ed.M. in Curriculum Planning, so if you want a "Tour in the Classroom" lecture that can also be arranged. The lectures will be age appropriate to your needs. He also has a permanent certification as a Social Studies Teacher (grades 7-12) since 1974.
- Rick was the chair of several committees of Community Board #1 Manhattan, including the chair of the Planning & Community Infrastructure Committee, the Tribeca Committee and chaired what is now called the Landmarks Committee when Tribeca was first designated in 1992.
- He moved into a Lower Manhattan converted apartment in the 1970's, that is approximately 1,000 feet from the World Trade Center.
- He is a licensed NYC Sightseeing Tour Guide. License No.: 1281818 exp. 3/31/10.
- He also has dual citizenship between the USA and Germany. He is the son of two Jewish Holocaust Survivors, and is active in several Second Generation programs.
A bike tour by New York's First Lady Michelle Patterson, from Battery Park City to Harlem sponsored by Henry Hudson 400,
where I gave a mini-lecture on "New Amsterdam". June 19, 2009
Photos from 2010 and 2009, when the Royal Family Visited New York and the New Amsterdam Exhibition was built.|
The first group was from the NRC Handelsblad; and the second photo of the Jobswap Group.
Two Groups from the Holland Society and National Genealogical Society.
From Holland Society: We had a great time! Thanks a lot for your interesting stories!
Thanks and till next time?
Blauvelt Family Association
Many thanks for the photos and especially the tour. You were fabulous and everyone in our Blauvelt group was thrilled with the tour and your commentary. A perfect job well done and a perfect morning in New Amsterdam. Many thanks from All The Blauvelts !
This photo is of the Netherlands Atlantic Association from October 2009.
This photo is of the Netherlands Atlantic Association from October 2010.
This photo is of the St. Nicholas Society from the 5 Dutch Days in November 2009.
Comments from a "Small Group" Personalized Tour in July 2009 Tour with a mother and son from the Netherlands.
Just wanted to let you know that we had a great tour yesterday.
Your energy and enthusiasm was contagious. My son Nicolas really has learned a lot about Dutch- but also about American-history.
Your tour made our visit to NYC unforgettable.
I wish you a lot of success with your tours. You really make people happy with them.
Comments from the April 2009 Tour with the Law Students from the University of Utrecht.
On behalf of all the 'people from the U of Utrecht' thanks for the great
tour!! We really enjoyed our stay in New York and especially your tour with
the splendid weather. Your enthusiasm is fantastic.
Also thanks for the picture. I'll forward it to the other people.
COMMENTS & VIDEO CLIP FROM THOSE ON THE 2008 TOURS
Dear Mr. Landman,
Thank you again for the tour and I am sorry for the rain. It certainly
did not stop you! If I get any request for tours I will immediately
refer to you, don't worry. We may want to solicit your local expertise
next year when we will host a number of special visitors!
Consul General of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
Hello Mr. Landman,
Thanks again for letting me film the New Amsterdam walking tour. You were right about the weather, it wasn’t the best circumstance for videotaping.
But I made the best of it. You can find the video on my website:
Click here to watch a short video clip of the 2008 tour. I hope you like it.
By the way: I saw a brochure of 5 Dutch Days today, and funny enough - well at least for me - I am standing next to you on the photo of the New Amsterdam Tour. Yes, I did follow the tour last year as well. So, now you can consider me as your biggest fan.
Being that, I might come back next year, since I am working the Dutch TV news outlet of NOS (nlny.nl is my hobby-project). We are planning to pay attention to the whole Hudson Celebration, and I am hoping to work on it as well. I will recommend your tour to my editor-in-chief, because it was a good story, and with more time and better weather we could make a beautiful TV-item.
Harrie van Veen
I would like to thank you for the New Amsterdam tour. It was informative and hearing you was great as ever. I don't know if you remember me, but I took your class 2 years ago at Wagner and couldn't miss the opportunity to hear you again.
I came with a friend and in fact also convinced two tourists on the subway who were on their way to Statue of Liberty that they should come and hear you.
Even with the rains, it was fun.
Thank you for a very interesting and fun tour! (in weather familiar for a Dutchman) learned a lot and enjoyed your stories and expertise.
One annual highlight of the 2007 and 2008 Dutch Week was
the tour of “New Amsterdam” put together
by Rick Landman, Esq., AICP, a
longtime member of the NY Metro Chapter, which is sponsored by the NY Metro Chapter of the APA.
Rick Landman gave a tour
to relate how early Dutch roots had an
impact on New York City's physical form
as well as its taxation procedures, zoning
regulations and religious freedoms.
Over 50 people showed up for the 2007 tour (83 made reservations for the 2008 tour)
which not only included the usual stop to
see the outline of the old Dutch City
Hall near Stone Street, but included a walk around the borders
of old New Amsterdam, seeing the
Dutch memorials (most of which are on
land-fill that didn't exist back then) and
discussion of Dutch history and its impacts.
Landman noted that the narrow tax
lots and the subsequent sky-blocking towers
were a direct result from our Dutch
"I am part of Dutch Week each year to show my respect for all that the early settlers of New Amsterdam did for our country and to show how the Metro Chapter of the APA is part of today's urban scene."
Rick Landman, Esq. AICP
Walking Tours are personalized to meet your special interests, given in a way that only a Native New Yorker can give. A week's notice is appreciated if research is required for the personalized tour. Shorter notice is acceptable for standard walks.
Please Click Here to Email for Reservations or and Questions
The perfect gift for your visiting or more sophisticated friends...
Other Group Tours:
WORLD TRADE CENTER TOURS
View from 7 World Trade Center of Lower Manhattan. Tours can include the area from the Battery up to the World Trade Center, or the Financial District up to Tribeca or the Brooklyn Bridge.
I took this photo shortly after 9/11 showing "Ground Zero". Living in Southern Tribeca for 30 years, I was displaced from my apartment for approximately one month, returning home in October. I also have pictures showing how the neighborhood was powered and existed during the era when we were a "gated community". So this tour is given by someone who lived through the experience and rebuilding of the neighborhood.
GREENWICH VILLAGE- URBAN PLANNING TOUR
These buildings on MacDougal Street were used as the poster pictures for the demolition of the Village as part of the Urban Renewal Plan in the 1950's. But they were landmarked in the 21st Century as being one of the few federal townhouses still left in Manhattan. The tour will include a walking lecture on Eminent Domain, Condemnation as well as the struggles during the Urban Renewal program in the NYU area.
This is the rendering from the 1953 Washington Square South Urban Renewal Plan's concept for Greenwich Village, pursuant to the Slum Clearance Plan under Title 1 of the Housing Act of 1949. Notice the Washington Square Arch (in yellow) in Washington Square Park. The "Tower in the Park" concept (which was also emphasized in the 1961 Zoning Resolution) included highways and apartment complexes to replace what is now the Village and SoHo.
ORIGINS OF AMERICA'S ZONING:
REAL ESTATE DEVELOPMENT IN LOWER MANHATTAN
This tour focuses on the area near the World Trade Center and includes a walking lecture of how America's Zoning started Lower Manhattan because of the bulk issues created at the Equitable Building in 1916 and winds its way past several of the World's Tallest Buildings up to City Hall Park and ends on the Brooklyn Bridge looking back at the eastside of Manhattan.
Once steel construction and elevators turned the real estate market upside down, and each developer tried to build the world's tallest building, New York City was forced to try regulating bulk and use. The Supreme Court upheld NYC's zoning regulations in the 1926 case of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Corp. This tour gives the history while passing the actual locations. It also includes a city park created by the transfer of development rights and discusses several urban renewal projects in the area.
Depending on time and interest, we can also include a short discussion of the World Trade Center as we pass by.
SOUTH STREET SEAPORT TOUR:
This area was created with the aid of Landmarking and Historic Districts and urban renewal plans, and is now under consideration for a new proposed development.
THE JEWS OF NEW AMSTERDAM/LOWER EAST SIDE:
Focusing on the early Jewish roots of New Amsterdam and New York City, including several Jewish cemeteries. The tour will discuss the treatment and contributions of the colonies' and America's earliest Jewish settlers, including both Ashkenazi and Sephardic Jews who came to the "New World" in the 1600's. The life of Asser Levy and the 23 Jews who came from Recife will be discussed. Lower Manhattan contains several memorials and actual locations (buildings now long gone) and remnants of several cemeteries at Chatham Square, West 11th and West 22nd Streets. In addition, we can extend the tour (especially if this is a bus tour) to go to the Lower East Side and see the Tenement Museum as well as several eateries such as Katz's Delicatessen and Russ & Daughters.
GAY TOUR OF THE 1970's:
Visit the long gone haunts of the West Village's and a separate tour of the East Village's gay places from a personal perspective. West Village includes: The Stud, The Anvil, The Mineshaft, The Christopher Street Bookstore, Uncle Charlies, The Piers, etc. The East Village includes: The Saint, The St. Marks and Club Bathhouses, Boy Bar, etc.
Or tell me your interests and I will create a tour for you or your group or your students.
Strategies may be given for your own personalized tour for you to continue on your exploration of our city on your own upon completion of this walking tour.